New York is a populous city in the United States of America. In 2019, it surpassed the eight million population mark, to the amusement of many. Wait, how did such a city come into existence, becoming a dwelling place of more than eight million people? Well, it came into existence in the 1600s as New Netherlands. Dutch merchants considered it an ideal trading center due to its strategic location.
Thousands of European merchants flocked the town yearly, business was good in New York. A war between Dutch and English traders saw Dutch traders lose New York town to English traders, who renamed it New York. English traders converted it to a business port since it had a large natural harbor, attracting hundreds of traders. Sailors found it a good settlement area and settled in it or its outskirts.
They developed manufacturing industries and used the land for farming cash crops, majorly wheat, since the land was fertile. New York grew as an agricultural center, exporting manufactured food like bread. It soon became a leading exporting town whose major market was Europe. New York was bigger in land size than other towns of those times like Philadelphia but less populated than them, its population growth was quite slow. In the 1980s, its population numbers had risen over the nearby towns’ and was about seven million people. During recent times, its population has been growing exponentially even in vices associated with a growing city, like a traffic jam, high crime rates including rape cases, poor garbage disposal methods, high cost of living, etc., the following are some reasons for it.
Between 1990 and 2000, the US government came up with a policy to develop new houses to promote settlement in New York. It reconstructed old but existing buildings unfit for an occupation to increase the total number of dwelling units available. With the high cost of renting a house from a private sector living in a developing city, the provision of house units was a very effective way to attract settlement. People who settled in those houses were also trying to secure employment opportunities in town. Their cost of living was relatively low since house rates were low. In the next decade, statistics confirmed occupancy of more than one hundred thousand house units, it was a successful move by the governments, an important factor that is credited with New York’s outstandingly high population numbers.
Migration into New York is another factor that accelerated the increase in its population. Land in the outskirts of the town was available and relatively cheaper. Some immigrants seized this opportunity, they bought land for settlement, and others with a business orientation. People who had bought land erected manufacturing industries or built buildings that house important business offices up to date. Others left their land to appreciate at a price and sell it later to any interested person, specifically other immigrants arriving at a high rate. This hugely contributed to its population growth.
The immigration spree impacted the behavior of native residents due to the exchange of cultural customs and race of the population changed with time. Domestic movement played a crucial role in its population growth, where people from other parts of the country migrated to New York for settlement purposes.
The city was still on the verge of development, with lots of businesses being in operation daily. This created employment opportunities, and thousands of jobless youths traveled to the city to seek employment. The development of schools, churches, and other social amenities like theatre also played a role in the town’s population growth. Scholars moved to settle around the town to access quality education from renowned universities like Columbia University. Those who were interested in filming moved to the town due to theatre, everyone had a reason to move to the city.
A large percentage of immigrants that arrived and settled in New York were mostly aged below forty years. While aged natives continued to die due to old age or diseases associated with it, the incoming population intermarried, hence kept the birth rate higher than the mortality rate. They were young and energetic, a factor that contributed to the economic growth of the town altogether. With time, the native Europeans of the town were replaced by large numbers of immigrants arriving in the city.